Immigration appeals statistics

The Immigration Appeal Division (IAD) of the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) hears appeals on immigration-related matters. There are several types of appeals that are heard by the IAD:

  • Appeals of family class sponsorship applications refused by officials of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).
  • Appeals of removal orders made against permanent residents, Convention refugees and other protected persons, and holders of permanent resident visas.
  • Appeals by permanent residents who have been found by an IRCC official outside of Canada not to have fulfilled their residency obligation.
  • Appeals by the Minister of Public Safety of decisions at admissibility hearings by the IRB’s Immigration Division (ID) where the ID made a decision that a person is not inadmissible.

The IAD may allow an appeal and set aside an original decision based on the grounds of an error in law or fact, or of a breach of a principle of natural justice. In certain cases, the IAD may also give special relief on the basis of humanitarian and compassionate considerations, which includes taking into account the best interests of a child directly affected by the decision being appealed to the IAD. In a removal order appeal, the IAD may also give special relief by staying the removal order with conditions. If the IAD does not allow an appeal or stay the removal order made against the appellant, the IAD will dismiss an appeal.

When a stay is made in a removal order appeal, the making of the stay by the IAD allows the appellant to remain in Canada subject to any conditions made by the IAD that it considers necessary, and including any conditions that are required by the law. When a stay is given, the removal order remains in force but its effect is “stayed.” The stay given in a removal order appeal will be reconsidered by the IAD on a certain date, and after re-weighing the relevant factors, the IAD has the option of allowing the appeal and quashing the removal order, dismissing the appeal (which can lead to the enforcement of the removal order by the Canada Border Services Agency and removal of the person from Canada), or extending the stay for a further time period on the same or other conditions. A stay remains in force until it is cancelled by the IAD, and the appeal is allowed or dismissed.

If possible, the IAD wants the appellant and the Minister’s counsel to settle appeals early, without going to a full hearing. The IAD has an Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) process, which offers appellants an opportunity to resolve their case through a mediation-like process. The ADR process involves an in-person meeting that is called an ADR conference. An Early Resolution Officer (ERO), who is an IRB employee, conducts the ADR conference with the Minister’s counsel (representing either IRCC or the Minister of Public Safety) and the appellant and her or his counsel. The ERO facilitates a discussion between the appellant and the Minister in order to try to resolve the appeal. The goal of the conference is to see whether the appeal can be resolved, either by having the Minister consent to allowing the appeal, or having the appellant withdraw his or her appeal.

Statistics Tables

Please note that appeals finalized in a given time period may have been filed in a previous time period. The following tables include all types of appeals filed, including appeals that have been returned to the IAD by the Federal Court, as well as other types of matters heard by the IAD (such as applications to reopen and applications to reinstate).

2019 January to March Appeals by Region

All Appeals Filed

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2019/13/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National1,047686375171763581,6887644,663
Eastern24819149137741204802101,523
Central45037313209671287174631,839
Western3491217517135110491911,301

Sponsorship appeals filed (subsection 63(1))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2019/03/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National69504122221012891,02402,799
Eastern1530584521741980673
Central28702241055112050001,198
Western25501307229953260928

Removal order appeals filed (subsection 63(2), (3))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2019/03/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National138681411175750365764963
Eastern581966494739201210552
Central4237563962103463258
Western38121929496191153

Residency obligation appeals filed (subsection 63(4))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2019/03/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National20607917318192890864
Eastern350254267800281
Central119031631061100380
Western520236826990203

Appeals filed by the Minister (subsection 63(5))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2019/03/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National80550010037
Eastern2001001017
Central202200403
Western4032005017

2018 Appeals by Region

All Appeals Filed

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2018/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National4,3532642,7342,0049251,4837,1467615,333
Eastern1,069905875534005072,0472201,753
Central1,8681331,3549754405803,3494552,128
Western1,41641793476853961,750861,452

Sponsorship appeals filed (subsection 63(1))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2018/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National2,74501,7097963641,1594,02803,149
Eastern52602341561053638580720
Central1,23808974052104841,99601,421
Western9810578235493121,17401,008

Removal order appeals filed (subsection 63(2), (3))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2018/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National7192646204643421701,5967611,193
Eastern29690264239239103845220683
Central2251332481508342523455327
Western1984110875202522886183

Residency obligation appeals filed (subsection 63(4))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2018/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National86203847342191511,4880953
Eastern23708615856413410334
Central4040206417147538230375
Western22109215916573240244

Appeals filed by the Minister (subsection 63(5))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2018/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National27021100334038
Eastern10030003016
Central103301705
Western1601570224017

2017 Appeals by Region

All Appeals Filed

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2017/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National5,2972522,2652,0357881,4946,5828958,004
Eastern1,434865886934234672,1712442,709
Central2,3121449038402736572,6735513,518
Western1,55122774502923701,7381001,777

Sponsorship appeals filed (subsection 63(1))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2017/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National3,37601,4029023391,0883,73104,434
Eastern819024120111628384101,050
Central1,46805604111615201,65202,181
Western1,0890601290622851,23801,203

Removal order appeals filed (subsection 63(2), (3))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2017/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National9792525595473322521,6908941,944
Eastern399862672882461519522431,213
Central3701441971856850500551530
Western2102295741851238100201

Residency obligation appeals filed (subsection 63(4))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2017/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National90302945721171471,13001,582
Eastern21007820161303700438
Central467014424244875170796
Western22607212912302430348

Appeals filed by the Minister (subsection 63(5))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2017/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National39010140731144
Eastern602303818
Central7022004011
Western260690419025

2016 Appeals by Region

All Appeals Filed

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2016/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National5,7392922,0891,9788111,4696,3471,0149,181
Eastern1,5271225274543724761,8292483,446
Central2,4561348059473316162,6996303,803
Western1,756367575771083771,8191361,932

Sponsorship appeals filed (subsection 63(1))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2016/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National3,46201,2409904221,1083,76004,796
Eastern720023016614128982601,074
Central1,50004765152175151,72302,366
Western1,2420534309643041,21101,356

Removal order appeals filed (subsection 63(2), (3))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2016/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National1,1402916074972922101,6061,0122,542
Eastern5281212522051901417882461,765
Central4201342351657139510630583
Western192361201273130308136194

Residency obligation appeals filed (subsection 63(4))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2016/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National1,11302274859714795611,807
Eastern2760388041442031597
Central53009426543624640846
Western30709514013412890364

Appeals filed by the Minister (subsection 63(5))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2016/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National2411560425136
Eastern31730212110
Central600200208
Western150810211018

2015 Appeals by Region

All Appeals Filed

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2015/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National5,3491902,0322,0166581,6376,3431,3249,481
Eastern1,409403763352534701,4342753,718
Central2,3611169881,0802887733,1298173,858
Western1,579346686011173941,7802321,905

Sponsorship appeals filed (subsection 63(1))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2015/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National3,35101,1781,0823301,2463,83605,095
Eastern645015816410029972101,181
Central1,58205795501616331,92302,589
Western1,1240441368693141,19201,325

Removal order appeals filed (subsection 63(2), (3))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2015/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National1,0921906263742242271,4511,3202,701
Eastern596401881181221425702731,994
Central3041162871657453579815487
Western19234151912832302232220

Residency obligation appeals filed (subsection 63(4))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2015/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National88102145511041581,02731,648
Eastern1600255131291361524
Central471012036353846202778
Western25006913720452710346

Appeals filed by the Minister (subsection 63(5))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2015/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National2501490629137
Eastern8052007119
Central402203704
Western130750315014

2014 Appeals by Region

All Appeals Filed

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2014/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National5,8041291,8381,8574451,5825,7221,66710,131
Eastern1,427173123881635151,3783293,690
Central2,693959359482016652,7491,0364,405
Western1,68417591521814021,5953022,036

Sponsorship appeals filed (subsection 63(1))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2014/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National3,71601,0761,0001791,2713,52605,579
Eastern72901801805038479401,258
Central1,7760475487915651,61802,928
Western1,2110421333383221,11401,393

Removal order appeals filed (subsection 63(2), (3))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2014/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National1,0501295934292041661,3921,6632,717
Eastern525171171671001074913271,914
Central3389537018171296511,034543
Western18717106813330250302260

Residency obligation appeals filed (subsection 63(4))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2014/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National1,01701594256213978531,794
Eastern168012401323881500
Central57508628039704752927
Western27406110510462220367

Appeals filed by the Minister (subsection 63(5))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2014/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National2101030619141
Eastern5031015118
Central404001507
Western12032049016

2013 Appeals by Region

All Appeals Filed

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2013/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National5,739721,7822,0224531,4135,6702,0899,627
Eastern1,56212583701183931,1393903,580
Central2,642659229982466802,8461,3444,153
Western1,5356602654893401,6853551,894

Sponsorship appeals filed (subsection 63(1))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2013/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National3,44001,0611,1522201,1493,58205,389
Eastern70801361554629963601,322
Central1,68004935471305681,73802,771
Western1,0520432450442821,20801,296

Removal order appeals filed (subsection 63(2), (3))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2013/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National1,308725443931771521,2662,0872,635
Eastern69119715365653803881,820
Central3776532116180596211,344545
Western2406126793228265355270

Residency obligation appeals filed (subsection 63(4))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2013/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National96501664725611180511,564
Eastern152021617281171420
Central579010628936534840829
Western23403912213302040315

Appeals filed by the Minister (subsection 63(5))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2013/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National2601150117139
Eastern11041016118
Central602100308
Western9053008013