Refugee Protection Claims Made by Irregular Border Crossers

Important notes about statistics on irregular border crossers

  • For the purposes of this report, irregular border crossers are defined as individuals who entered Canada between official ports of entry. Like other refugee protection claimants, irregular border crossers are referred to the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada’s (IRB) Refugee Protection Division (RPD) after Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) or the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) makes a determination of their eligibility.
  • The IRB is unable to report on irregular border crossers prior to February 2017, when system changes gave us the capacity to capture data on this population. However, due to some early inconsistencies in data entry it is possible that not all irregular border crossers are reflected in the statistics. In addition, only partial data is available for the months of February and March 2017.
  • The national level statistics in this report are generated by using data entered at referral by IRCC and the CBSA, as well as data from the IRB’s electronic case tracking system.
  • Data is only displayed for the top 10 countries (by referrals), which represents approximately 80% of all irregular border crosser refugee claim referrals.
  • Data is subject to change and caution should be exercised in drawing conclusions regarding trends based on the small number of finalizations to date.
  • The country of alleged persecution in the table below corresponds to the first listed country of alleged persecution as identified by the claimant when they made their claim to an officer from the CBSA or from IRCC, and which was entered in the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) case management system.
  • The table below reflects the data on countries as they are currently captured in the IRB case management system, and is used solely to support the refugee determination process. The fact that these countries are listed should not be construed as recognition of a particular territory’s sovereignty or political status.

Refugee Protection Claims Made by Irregular Border Crossers, Top 10 Countries of Alleged Persecution - February 2017 to December 2018

AcceptedRejectedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotal
Total (all countries)Footnote 1 38,647 4,449 3,752 541 588 9,330 29,317
Nigeria12,153 432 1,142 128 33 1,735 10,418
Haiti7,655 328 1,552 199 122 2,201 5,454
Colombia1,463 92 48 29 20 189 1,274
Turkey1,406 727 13 9 15 764 642
Pakistan1,027 65 66 7 17 155 872
Eritrea982 496 14 7 23 540 442
Syria888 361 26 11 55 453 435
Congo, Democratic Republic848 22 13 11 11 57 791
United States of America835 2 163 21 35 221 614
Sudan804 208 67 17 22 314 490
Other Countries10,586 1,716 648 102 235 2,701 7,885
Note 1

Partial data for February and March 2017.

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