Refugee Protection Claims (New System) by Country of Alleged Persecution - 2016

The following table includes all types of cases referred to the Refugee Protection Division (RPD) on or after December 15, 2012 (new system). Also included are claims that have been returned to the RPD by either the Federal Court or the Refugee Appeal Division for re-determination, as well as other types of matters heard by the RPD (such as applications to reopen). Not included in the table are applications to vacate or to cease refugee protection. Please note:

  • Claims finalized in a given time period may have been referred to the RPD in a previous time period.
  • The country of alleged persecution in the table below corresponds to the first listed country of alleged persecution as identified by the claimant when they made their claim to an officer from the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) or from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), and which was entered in the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) case management system.
  • Only countries for which a claim was referred, finalized, or pending within this time period are displayed.
  • The table below reflects the data on countries contained within the IRB case management system and is used solely to support the refugee determination process. The fact that these countries are listed should not be construed as implying that the IRB recognizes these particular countries’ sovereignty or political status. Furthermore, country names may not accurately reflect the current geopolitical situation; rather, they reflect the information as it is currently captured in the IRB case management system.

Understanding RPD Claims Tables

  • Referred: Claims received by the RPD.
  • Finalized:
    • Accepted: The RPD has determined that the claimant is either a Convention refugee or a person in need of protection.
    • Rejected: The RPD has determined that the claimant is not a Convention refugee or a person in need of protection.
    • Abandoned: The RPD has declared that the claim has been abandoned because, for example, the completed Basis of Claim Form was not provided on time, the claimant’s current and correct contact information was not provided, or the claimant did not attend their refugee protection claim hearing or the special hearing on the abandonment of the claim (if required).
    • Withdrawn & Other: “Withdrawn” describes cases in which the claimant does not continue with their claim. The claimant can decide to withdraw their claim before the hearing upon written notice to the RPD. Once substantive evidence has been accepted at a hearing, the claimant must make an application to the RPD to be able to withdraw their claim. “Other” describes cases in which the proceeding is terminated upon notice from a CBSA officer because the claimant is not eligible to claim refugee protection (e.g., determined inadmissible to Canada on grounds of serious criminality or organized criminality) or other situations such as when the claimant has passed away.
    • Total: Total of all claims accepted, rejected, abandoned, withdrawn & other. Claims finalized in the time period indicated may have been referred to the RPD in a previous time period.
  • Pending: All claims, referred on or after December 15, 2012, that have not been finalized.
  • Country of Alleged Persecution: One of the following selections was entered into the IRB case management system by the officer from CBSA or IRCC when the claim was made and referred to the RPD:
    • Name of Country: The first listed country of alleged persecution as identified by the claimant.
    • Stateless: The officer identified the claimant as not being a citizen of any country.
    • Unknown: The officer selected “unknown.”
    • Blank: The officer did not identify any country of alleged persecution.

New System Claims by Country of Alleged Persecution - 2016

  Referred Finalized Pending (as of 2016/12/31)
Accepted Rejected Abandoned Withdrawn & Other Total
Total 23,350 9,972 4,821 286 682 15,761 17,537
Afghanistan 623 465 84 2 18 569 367
Albania 166 74 68 3 4 149 163
Algeria 110 24 32 1 4 61 70
Angola 49 13 9 0 0 22 33
Antigua and Barbuda 29 8 15 0 1 24 13
Argentina 7 0 4 0 1 5 4
Armenia 6 1 0 0 0 1 6
Australia 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Azerbaijan 212 60 8 1 0 69 159
Bahamas 101 45 38 1 2 86 64
Bahrain 18 9 1 0 0 10 11
Bangladesh 286 133 66 1 8 208 245
Barbados 32 26 6 2 0 34 18
Belarus (Byelorussia) 4 4 0 0 0 4 6
Belgium 6 0 7 0 4 11 4
Belize 4 1 0 0 0 1 4
Benin 20 10 6 0 1 17 10
Bolivia 5 3 1 0 0 4 8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 5 0 4 0 0 4 6
Botswana 6 0 1 0 0 1 12
Brazil 28 5 9 1 4 19 38
Bulgaria 3 3 1 0 0 4 4
Burkina Faso 35 19 14 0 2 35 8
Burundi 657 378 22 0 3 403 409
Cambodia 14 6 3 0 0 9 6
Cameroon 199 115 53 3 1 172 116
Cape Verde 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Central African Republic 13 10 1 0 1 12 4
Chad 158 75 28 2 4 109 92
Chile 49 3 31 1 0 35 34
China 1,323 351 613 41 30 1,035 1,323
Colombia 820 352 185 3 13 553 694
Congo (Brazzaville) 83 49 14 1 0 64 44
Congo, Democratic Republic of the (Zaire) 412 159 124 7 2 292 297
Costa Rica 9 0 11 0 1 12 0
Croatia 18 5 4 1 5 15 38
Cuba 68 28 24 0 3 55 54
Cyprus 3 0 1 0 0 1 2
Czech Republic 134 38 21 5 20 84 177
Denmark 1 0 0 0 1 1 0
Djibouti 210 102 10 0 0 112 153
Dominica 1 0 1 0 0 1 0
Dominican Republic 44 16 11 3 1 31 22
Ecuador 18 3 4 0 0 7 24
Egypt 332 187 28 0 3 218 198
El Salvador 244 143 58 0 4 205 160
Equatorial Guinea 3 0 0 0 0 0 3
Eritrea 749 268 47 6 10 331 541
Ethiopia 385 222 80 2 3 307 252
Fiji 1 0 1 0 0 1 0
Finland 3 0 0 0 2 2 1
France 16 0 7 1 1 9 12
Gabon 13 2 0 0 0 2 12
Gambia 27 12 4 1 0 17 27
Georgia 113 31 28 2 3 64 139
Germany 9 0 3 0 0 3 9
Ghana 113 38 34 0 2 74 89
Greece 6 0 5 0 0 5 8
Grenada 3 1 1 0 0 2 5
Guatemala 51 15 28 0 4 47 48
Guinea 66 25 17 0 0 42 46
Guinea-Bissau 1 0 0 0 1 1 2
Guyana 27 5 18 0 1 24 29
Haiti 631 207 197 3 5 412 351
Honduras 136 82 44 1 0 127 83
Hong Kong (SAR) 3 0 3 0 0 3 0
Hungary 953 545 215 10 87 857 808
India 582 124 208 95 19 446 370
Indonesia 31 10 5 1 3 19 18
Iran 293 128 27 2 3 160 245
Iraq 1,059 558 127 2 26 713 635
Ireland 10 0 9 0 1 10 6
Israel 58 15 16 1 4 36 43
Italy 18 0 31 0 1 32 19
Ivory Coast 33 24 8 1 0 33 20
Jamaica 153 71 72 2 3 148 106
Japan 2 0 4 0 0 4 1
Jordan 112 36 41 0 0 77 86
Kazakhstan 16 12 1 0 4 17 11
Kenya 59 18 16 0 0 34 61
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (North) 0 0 0 1 1 2 22
Korea, Republic of (South) 20 10 2 0 2 14 22
Kosovo 42 7 19 0 5 31 34
Kuwait 15 5 8 1 0 14 5
Kyrgyzstan 17 14 4 0 1 19 11
Latvia 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Lebanon 401 142 103 1 9 255 277
Liberia 10 4 0 0 0 4 10
Libya 357 252 40 0 5 297 271
Lithuania 3 0 0 0 0 0 3
Macedonia 1 1 1 0 0 2 0
Madagascar 3 0 0 0 0 0 3
Malawi 1 0 0 0 0 0 3
Malaysia 5 2 0 0 0 2 7
Mali 93 33 51 3 1 88 48
Mauritania 70 26 13 0 0 39 56
Mauritius 3 0 5 0 0 5 2
Mexico 250 29 53 7 39 128 200
Moldova 7 4 3 0 0 7 5
Mongolia 31 19 14 1 0 34 14
Montenegro 3 0 1 0 1 2 3
Morocco 39 16 8 0 1 25 28
Mozambique 3 0 0 0 0 0 3
Myanmar, Burma 4 3 0 0 0 3 4
Namibia 2 0 2 0 1 3 28
Nepal 180 81 37 0 3 121 116
Netherlands 2 0 0 0 2 2 0
Nicaragua 2 2 0 0 0 2 4
Niger 7 1 2 0 0 3 5
Nigeria 1,543 389 476 4 10 879 1,159
Norway 8 0 3 0 3 6 5
Pakistan 1,159 532 165 1 11 709 892
Palestine 400 123 24 0 6 153 317
Panama 0 1 0 0 0 1 4
Peru 55 10 20 0 1 31 42
Philippines 27 2 9 0 0 11 32
Poland 27 12 6 0 3 21 28
Portugal 3 0 2 0 4 6 10
Qatar 1 1 0 0 0 1 0
Romania 120 2 2 0 14 18 107
Russia 95 58 13 2 4 77 88
Rwanda 93 37 22 2 2 63 66
Saint Kitts and Nevis, Federation of 2 1 1 0 0 2 5
Saint Lucia 24 3 9 0 1 13 40
Saint Vincent 24 10 14 0 2 26 31
Saudi Arabia 196 73 19 0 4 96 138
Senegal 52 24 17 1 0 42 29
Serbia 8 2 3 0 0 5 10
Seychelles 0 4 0 0 0 4 0
Sierra Leone 23 2 6 0 5 13 17
Singapore 1 0 1 0 0 1 2
Slovakia 382 180 65 1 106 352 447
Slovakia (Slovak Republic) 0 0 0 0 0 0 5
Somalia 704 322 120 25 24 491 542
South Africa 39 12 16 0 3 31 27
Spain 16 0 9 0 0 9 12
Sri Lanka 202 124 26 1 4 155 330
Sudan 378 100 30 2 2 134 287
Sudan (South) 7 5 0 0 0 5 3
Swaziland 1 0 0 0 0 0 3
Sweden 9 0 4 1 4 9 4
Switzerland 2 0 0 0 0 0 2
Syria 963 721 25 6 17 769 368
Taiwan 1 0 1 0 1 2 1
Tajikistan 12 5 3 0 0 8 8
Tanzania 46 21 3 0 1 25 38
Thailand 11 0 13 0 1 14 4
Togo 34 29 6 1 0 36 13
Trinidad and Tobago 7 1 1 0 0 2 14
Tunisia 39 14 20 3 0 37 21
Turkey 1,103 398 67 2 6 473 885
Turkmenistan 2 0 0 0 0 0 3
Uganda 108 63 22 0 1 86 71
Ukraine 278 154 71 2 9 236 259
United Arab Emirates 3 2 2 0 0 4 4
United Kingdom 1 0 2 0 0 2 1
United States of America 129 2 60 4 24 90 77
Uruguay 2 0 1 0 1 2 1
Uzbekistan 34 14 7 1 1 23 36
Venezuela 566 273 86 0 4 363 324
Vietnam 4 1 0 0 0 1 9
Yemen 342 154 16 0 3 173 225
Zambia 4 1 2 0 0 3 2
Zimbabwe 145 55 41 1 1 98 80
Stateless 0 2 1 0 0 3 0
Unknown 41 10 5 3 4 22 37